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Description

Solubility Products is a tool for accurate estimation of concentrations of solutes upon dissolution of solid compounds of low solubility. The tool is applicable to various chemical equilibrium tasks, such as salt dissociation to electrolytes, common-ion effect, separation by sedimentation and precipitation titration.

This app is a part of Bio, Chemistry, Engineering and Pharmacy Lab Pack including several apps dealing with chemical solutions, reaction equilibrium, acid base neutralisation reaction, titration, chemical kinetics and liposome preparation.

Application derives final, equilibrium concentrations of solutes based on equilibrium constant (Ksp), initial concentrations, solubility and stoichiometric coefficients. Additionally, app calculates reaction quotient for any given concentrations and stoichiometry.

For a general dissociation chemical reaction:

S(s) <=> aA + bB +cC,

the Reaction Quotient (Q) is defined by:

Q=A^a *B^b*C^c

where A, B, C – are solutes (electrolytes, ions, etc.) concentrations and a, b, c are stoichiometric coefficient. Sum of powers determines the reaction order.

If Q is not equal to reaction equilibrium constant Ksp, then reaction is not at equilibrium and it will proceed (due to difference in forward and reverse reaction speeds) to the direction defined by Q.
If QK – reverse reaction will prevail.

Example:
For given reaction: S(s) <=> 2A + 1B +3C, initial reaction concentrations are Ao=0.1M, Bo=0.2M, Co=0.3M and Ksp=1e-6 M^6.

the Reaction Quotient (Q) is defined by:

Q=A^2 *B^1*C^3

Upon loading the data to “Solubility Products” app, Reaction Quotient is immediately available: Q= 5.4e-5 M^6. Apparently Q>K, suggesting that reaction is too close to the products side and reverse reaction (precipitation) will prevail to bring the reaction back to the equilibrium.

The new equilibrium concentrations of reaction components can be derived from the equation:

Ksp=(Ao-2x)^2*(Bo-x)*(Co-3x)^3


Apparently, solving this equation is rather demanding task, that turns to be unnecessary, since “Solubility Products” app immediately returns the answer: Aeq=28.98mM, Beq=0.1645M, Ceq=0.1935M and additionally 0.036 mole of solid precipitated.


The application features:


•To start calculation user is required to fill in stoichiometric coefficients, initial concentrations of available components, solution volume and equilibrium constant Ksp or Solubility.

•The solubility in pure solvent (water) only is evaluated and filled in and not in the current conditions. Presence of common ions can decrease solubility of solid!

•Either Ksp or Solubility values must be present! When only solubility value is available the app will automatically calculate Ksp and vice versa.

•Volume of solution is a must to evaluate change in amount of solid compound, it is adjustable and automatically set to 1 litre.

•Important!!! If available amount of solid is not enough, then it will be completely dissolved without achieving equilibrium conditions!

•When Molar mass (Mw) of solid is filled in, then solid mass and solubility calculated and inserted in g/l units, otherwise it is set to mole/l. Beware of transformations accompanied with filling and deleting of Mw value! Once Mw value is filled in and “Done” is pressed (!), a solid mass and solubility are recalculated to new units.

•To start calculation initially or after updating the concentration or coefficient fields, user is requested to tap Run button! The values are valid only if Run button is greyed out!

•Significant attention should be paid to concentration, solubility and equilibrium constant units!

•The power of equilibrium constant units depicted as “x” is defined as (a+b+c), where a, b and c are the stoichiometric coefficients of the reaction.

You are allowed to use this product only within the laws of your country/region. SharewareOnSale and its staff are not responsible for any illegal activity. We did not develop this product; if you have an issue with this product, contact the developer. This product is offered "as is" without express or implied or any other type of warranty. The description of this product on this page is not a recommendation, endorsement, or review; it is a marketing description, written by the developer. The quality and performance of this product is without guarantee. Download or use at your own risk. If you don't feel comfortable with this product, then don't download it.

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